Sunday, November 11, 2012

Agriculture for JSC Exam


Mdzi wgTv GKRb eM©vPvlx| A‡b¨i Rwg‡Z †m avb-cvU Pvl K‡i| wb‡Ri mvgvb¨ GKUz Rwg Av‡Q| G Rwg‡Z †m mewR Avev` K‡i Ges Pviv Drcv`b K‡i|
K. kx‡Zi mewRi Pviv †Kvb gvm †_‡K Drcv`b Ki‡Z nq?
L. exRZjvi Ici Av”Qv`b †`Iqvi KviY e¨vL¨v Ki|
M. Zzwg Kxfv‡e wØZxq †e‡W Pviv ¯’vbvš—i Ki‡e weeiY `vI|
N. ÔexRZjvq Pviv †ek hZœ I cwiPh©vi ga¨ w`‡q †e‡o D‡V|ÕÑ we‡k­lY Ki|
DËi K. kx‡Zi mewR Pvl Ki‡Z n‡j AvM÷ gvm †_‡K Pviv Drcv`‡bi Av‡qvRb Ki‡Z nq|
DËi L. KwP Pvivi Rb¨ AwZe„wó I AwZwi³ †iv` `y‡UvB ¶wZKi| Pviv KwP _vK‡j AwZe„wó ¶wZKi| Avevi A‡bK Pviv MvQ †ewk †iv` mn¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| Qvqv ev Av”Qv`b m`¨ A¼zwiZ Pviv‡K †iv` I AwZwi³ e„wó †_‡K i¶v K‡i| PvUvB I cwjw_b wmU w`‡q Av”Qv`b ˆZwi Kiv hvq|
DËi M. Avgvi GKwU exRZjv Av‡Q| Avwg †mLv‡b Pviv Drcv`b Kwi| exRZjvq mvaviYZ Nb K‡iB exR †evbv nq| Pviv nIqvi mv‡_ mv‡_ G‡`i Lv`¨ Av‡jvi †ewk cÖ‡qvRb nq| d‡j Giv m‡ZR n‡q †e‡o DV‡Z cv‡i bv| ZLb Avwg G‡`i wØZxq †e‡W ¯’vbvš—i Kwi| Gi d‡j dzjKwc, euvavKwc, †eªvKwj I U‡g‡Uvi Pvivi wkKo AwaKZi kw³kvjx nq| Avwg exRZjvi Lye hZœ Kwi| ZvB Pviv †ivc‡Yi ci bZzb cwi‡e‡ki mv‡_ Lvc LvIqv‡Z bv cvi‡j g‡i †h‡Z cv‡i, Pviv e„w× e¨vnZ n‡Z cv‡i| †ivc‡Yi ci cvwbi ¯^íZv, Abyc‡hvMx ZvcgvÎv BZ¨vw` hv‡Z mn‡R KvwU‡q DV‡Z cv‡i, GRb¨ exRZjvq _vK‡ZB Pvivi KómwnòzZv e„w× K‡i wb‡Z nq| †h †Kv‡bv Dcv‡q Pvivi e„w× ¯’wMZ K‡i w`‡Z cvi‡jB KómwnòzZv e„w× cvq| GRb¨ Avwg Av”Qv`b mwi‡q w`‡q Ges Pvivi wkKo AvswkKfv‡e †K‡U bó K‡i w`B| Gfv‡e Avwg exRZjvq Pviv Drcv`b Kwi|
DËi N. exRZjvq mvaviYZ Nb K‡iB exR †evbv nq| Pviv nIqvi mv‡_ mv‡_ G‡`i Lv`¨ I Av‡jvi †ewk cÖ‡qvRb nq| d‡j Giv m‡ZR n‡q †e‡o DV‡Z cv‡i bv| GRb¨ A‡bK mgq KwP Ae¯’vq Pviv wØZxq †e‡W ¯’vbvš—‡ii d‡j dzjKwc, euvavKwc †eªvKwj I U‡g‡Uvi Pvivi wkKo AwaKZi kw³kvjx nq| d‡j †¶‡Z †ivcY Kivi ci G‡`i e„w× †Zgb e¨vnZ nq bv|
exRZjvq Pviv †ek hZœ I cwiPh©vi ga¨ w`‡q †e‡o I‡V| ZvB Pviv †ivc‡Yi ci bZzb cwi‡e‡ki mv‡_ Lvc LvIqv‡Z bv cvi‡j g‡i †h‡Z cv‡i ev Pvivi e„w× e¨vnZ n‡Z cv‡i| †ivc‡Yi ci cvwbi ¯^íZv I Abyc‡hvMx ZvcgvÎv BZ¨vw` hv‡Z mn‡R KvwU‡q DV‡Z cv‡i GRb¨ exRZjvq _vK‡ZB Pvivi KómwnòzZv e„w× K‡i w`‡Z nq| †h †Kv‡bv Dcv‡q Pvivi e„w× ¯’wMZ K‡i w`‡Z cvi‡jB KómwnòzZv e„w× cvq|
exRZjvq Pviv‡K AwZwi³ e„wó ev AwZwi³ Zv‡ci nvZ †_‡K i¶v Kivi QvDwb w`‡Z nq| †m‡Pi e¨e¯’v ivL‡Z nq| me wgwj‡q Pviv †ek h‡Zœ eo nq|

mygvBqv GKRb K…wl Kg©KZ©v| wZwb K…lK‡`i DrK…ó mewR Pvivi ˆewkó¨ m¤ú‡K© AeMZ K‡ib| wKfv‡e mdjZvi mv‡_ Pviv Drcv`b Ki‡e Ges Gi Øviv Avkcv‡ki gvbyl DcK…Z n‡e Zv eywS‡q e‡jb|
K. Av`k© exRZjvi ˆ`N©¨ I cÖ¯’ Zz‡j ai|
L. exR †evbvi c~‡e© exR †Kb †kvab K‡i wb‡Z nq e¨vL¨v Ki|
M. Zzwg Kxfv‡e exRZjvi ¯’vb wbe©vPb Ki‡e?
N. Pvivi †ivMevjvB I cÖwZKvimg~n Av‡jvPbv Ki|

DËi K. Av`k© exRZjv ˆ`‡N©¨ mvaviYZ 3 wgUvi Ges cÖ‡¯’ 1 wgUvi n‡q _v‡K|
DËi L. ex‡Ri gva¨‡g wewfbœ †ivMRxevYy msµwgZ nq| ZvB †evbvi c~‡e©B exR †kvab K‡i wb‡Z nq| cÖwZ 2.5 MÖvg exR 1 MÖvg wfUv‡fKm wKsev K¨vcUvb bvgK QÎvKbvkK w`‡q exR †kvab Ki‡Z nq|
DËi M. Avgvi evwoi cv‡k GK UzKiv Rwg‡Z Avwg GKwU exRZjv ˆZwi K‡iwQ| Avwg Rvwb m‡ZR Ges mej Pviv Drcbœ Ki‡Z n‡j mwVKfv‡e exRZjvi ¯’vb wbe©vPb Ki‡Z n‡e| Avwg wb‡æv³ welq¸‡jvi w`‡K ¸i“Z¡ w`‡q _vwKÑ
1| Avgvi g‡Z, exRZjv evmM„‡ni wbKUeZx© ¯’v‡bB n‡Z n‡e|
2| †iŠ‡`ªv¾¡j, mn‡R Av‡jv-evZvm PjvPj Ki‡Z cv‡i GiKg RvqMvB Avwg exRZjvi Rb¨ wbe©vPb Kwi|
3| Avgvi g‡Z, mu¨vZ‡mu‡Z Rjve× RvqMvq exRZjv ˆZwi Kiv DwPZ bq| Avwg DuPz RvqMvq †hLv‡b mn‡R e„wói cvwb wb®‹vwkZ n‡Z cv‡i Ggb RvqMvq exRZjv wbe©vPb Kwi|
4| cÖ‡qvRb g‡Zv cvwb †mP Kivi myweav‡_© exRZjvi Rb¨ cyKzi cvo A_ev mn‡R cvwb cvIqv hvq Ggb ¯’vb‡K cÖvavb¨ w`‡q _vwK|
DËi N. mvdj¨RbKfv‡e mewR Drcv`b Ki‡Z n‡j DbœZ c×wZ‡Z m‡ZR mej Pviv Drcv`‡bi Kjv‡KŠkj m¤^‡Ü Ávb _vK‡Z n‡e| mgqg‡Zv mwVK eq‡mi I DbœZgv‡bi Pviv Rwg‡Z †ivcY Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j fv‡jv mewR Drcv`b I djb fv‡jv nq bv| Pviv Drcv`b mewR Pv‡li ¸i“Z¡c~Y© ¯—i| Pviv Drcv`b Ges Pviv †ivcY Ae¯’vq G¸‡jv AZ¨š— ms‡e`bkxj I bvRyK Ae¯’vq _v‡K| Kv‡RB Pviv Drcv`b Ges Pviv †ivcY m¤^‡Ü LuywUbvwU me welq fv‡jvfv‡e Rvb‡Z n‡e|
Gi g‡a¨ cÖavb welq n‡”Q exRZjvq QÎvKRwbZ †ivM `gb| `yBfv‡e G †ivM `gb Kiv hvq| G¸‡jv n‡jv- cÖwZ‡ivag~jK e¨e¯’v Ges cÖwZKvig~jK e¨e¯’v| QÎvKRwbZ †iv‡Mi g‡a¨ Pvivi †Mvov c‡P hvIqv GKwU mvaviY †ivM| Pviv MRv‡bvi GK †_‡K `yB gv‡mi g‡a¨ A‡bK Pvivi †Mvov c‡P wM‡q g‡i hvq| Gi bvg ÔW¨vw¤ús AdÕ †ivM| gvwU‡Z exRevwnZ QÎv‡Ki gva¨‡g G †ivM n‡q _v‡K| exRZjvi gvwU me mgq wfRv ev mu¨vZ‡mu‡Z _vK‡j Ges gvwU‡Z evZvm PjvP‡j e¨vNvZ n‡j G †iv‡Mi cÖv`yf©ve nq| cÖwZ‡ivag~jK e¨e¯’vi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q exR I gvwU †kvab Kiv| exR ec‡bi Av‡M exRZjvi gvwU‡Z †h QÎvKbvkK Ilya, h_v : gviwKDwiK †K¬vivBW, K¨vcUvb, _vBig, WvB‡_b Gg 45 BZ¨vw` cÖ‡qvM Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| exRZjvq KxUcZ½ Øviv A‡bK mgq Pviv Avµvš— n‡Z †`Lv hvq| KxUcZ½ Øviv cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q Pvivi WMv I KwPcvZvB Avµvš— nq| AvµgY Kg n‡j Avµvš— Pvivi cvZv wKsev Pviv Zz‡j gvwU‡Z cuy‡Z †dj‡Z nq| Avµg‡Yi gvÎv †ewk n‡j KxUbvkK Ilya cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z nq|

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