Thursday, November 29, 2012

HSC English 1st Paper-In Bangladesh the retirement age for

Read the following passage and answer the questions:
In Bangladesh the retirement age for government employees is 59 years and for university teachers 65 years. In the United Nations the retirement age is 65 years. But this does not mean that after this age people suddenly become useless and unfit to work. These people are an asset to society with knowledge that only experience can bring and need to feel useful and want in society. In the developed countries social security is provided by the government in the form of post retirement and old age benefits, so that these people get free medical facilities and can also be economically independent. In Bangladesh, government employees are granted a pension and there are a few facilities at the government hospitals for the old but these are hardly enough. Besides, the majority of our female population does not belong to the working class. They are housewives and are not eligible for any pension or gratuity. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, about 6% of the population of Bangladesh are aged people which came to about 13.3 Million people in 2000. This includes male and female elderly people both from the villages and towns. These people have served their nation and their families through the years. In their old age, it is their right to expect serviced from just in return. Their physical health had started deteriorating and they need as much care and consideration as possible. The government still does not have any system to meet the health and economic needs of this large population. We ourselves however must ensure that the elderly among us are respected and cared for. After all, can we forget that we ourselves are going to grow old one day?
5. Write short answers to the following questions. 5
(a) When does a government employee retire in Bangladesh?
(b) What is the retirement age limit in the United Nations?
(c) Why are the retired people considered an asset?
(d) Who do not belong to the working class?
(e) What can’t we forget?
6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words: 5
In the developed countries the government (a) — social security, free medical facilities and other benefits to the retired old people. But in our country the facilities (b) — to the retired persons are not (c) —. They only enjoy a (d) — and a little medical (e) —.
7. Summarise the above passage in five sentences. 5
8. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow chart showing the benefits a retired person both in Bangladesh and developed countries enjoy. (No. 1 has been done for you). 5
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-1
5. (a) A government employee in Bangladesh retires at the age of 59 years. (b) The retirement age limit in the United Nations is 65 years. (c) The retired people are considered an asset because their knowledge and experience are useful in the society. (d) The majority of our female population do not belong to the working class. (e) We can’t forget that we ourselves are going to grow old one day.
6. (a) provide (b) given (c) sufficient (d) pension (e) facilities
7. Summary: In Bangladesh a government employee retires at 59 and the university teachers at 65. In the United Nations the retirement age is 65 years. In our country retired persons are considered useless but they are actually asset to the society with their knowledge and experience. They enjoy little benefit. The only enjoy pension. In developed countries the retired persons are provided with social security and other facilities.
8. Flow chart:

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