Friday, November 23, 2012

Seen Comprehension for HSC Exam

Read the following passage and answer the questions 1-4:
The present age is marked not only by the importance of the family as an economic and welfare institution but also by its increasing importance as an arrangement for socializing and raising children and for the psychological support of adults. There has been a wide disintegration of large kin groups and an intensification of relationships within the nuclear family. Moreover, the world is seeing an increasing association of women with earning and out-of-home activities. In the pre-industrial feudal society, both husbands and wives worked in the fields outside the home. However, in the industrial period, women were segregated from out-of-home productive work. The hearth became the place for them, so cooking, cleaning, washing, giving birth and rearing children became their jobs. Men became the wages-earners and all other outdoor activities became their responsibility. In the post-war period, women started joining the workforce, contributing to family income, and thus started exercising an influence on family affairs. Previously, authority in the family rested on the husband who was the decision-marker in all matters. But women, with their economic power, started influencing decisions about important family matters. In developed countries now, household work is shared by both husbands and wives, and outdoor activities like shopping and taking children to school, to doctors or for recreation are done equally by both husbands and wives. Large extended families have given, and are still giving place to small, nuclear families. Even in developing countries, with the process of industrialization and urbanization, extended families are breaking down. Kinship is declining. In the west, marriages now often break up. So, the number of single-mother or single-father families is over on the increase. The psychological problems of children in such families are also increasing in modern times.
1. Choose the right world/ expression to complete each sentences: 5
(a) Large extended families are (yielding/ producing/ produce) to nuclear families.
(b) Women began to (exercise/ practise/ practice) an influence on family by their income.
(c) Day by day the importance of women is (on the wane/ on the rise/ on the bank of ruin)
(d) In the industrial period women were (separated/ liberated/ freed) from productive work.
(e) Today the importance of the family lies in (financial/ frugal/ fragile) activities.

2. True/ false? If false, give the correct information: 5

(a) The family ties are breaking because of communication gap.
(b) Women began to exercise hold on family affairs by their financial support.
(c) Men became the only earning members in the post war period.
(d) All types of activities are shared by husbands and wives in the developed countries.
(e) Psychological problems of children are increasing in rich families.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words. Add any preposition if necessary: 5

(a) Men began (earn) .
(b) Men were (responsibility)  outdoor activities.
(c) In the post war period women (joining)  the work force.
(d) Women began to (contribution)  family income.
(e) Women started to (influence)  family affairs.

4. Make a list of five points about the importance of family. 5

Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-2

1. (a) yielding (b) exercise (c) on the rise (d) separated (e) financial
2. (a) False, Correct answer : The family ties are breaking because of intensification of the nuclear family.
(b) True
(c) False, Correct answer : Men became the only earning members in the industrial period.
(d) True
(e) False, Correct answer: Psychological problems of children are increasing in single mother family.
3. (a) earning/ to earn (b) responsible for (c) joined (d) contribute to
(e) influence about
4. A list of five points about the importance of family:
(a) for socializing children
(b) for raising children
(c) for the psychological supports of the adults
(d) a welfare institution
(e) an economic institution

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