Sunday, November 25, 2012

Seen comprehension-Communicative competence for HSC Exam

Read the following passage and answer the questions 1-4:
Communicative competence refers to the ability to use language appropriately in different circumstances. There are two ways of developing communicative competence in a language. The first is acquisition which is similar to the way people develop ability in their mother tongue. It is a natural, subconscious process in which users are not usually aware of acquiring a language. They are aware only of the fact that they are using the language to communicate in non-technical terms, acquisition is ‘picking’ up a language spontaneously. It may also be called ‘implicit’ learning. On the other hand, the second way of developing communicative competence in a language is learning that language. It refers to conscious knowledge of a language, knowing the rules of language use, being aware of using them, and being able to talk about them. In non-technical terms, learns is to know consciously about a language. It may be described as ‘explicit’ learning. Language specialists believe that acquiring a language is more successful and longer lasting than learning. Therefore, teachers these days encourage learners of a second language to practise and experience the language in different situations where they are involved in communicating with others. And that is exactly what the tasks in this book are designed to do.

1. Choose the right word and complete each sentence: 5
(a) Communicative competence indicates/ defers/ discourages the ability to use language appropriately.
(b) Communicative competence can be developed/ mastered/ development in two ways.
(c) Language specialists believe that learning a language is not so successful as/ like/ than acquiring it.
(d) Acquisition likens/ clashes/ relates to the way people develop ability in their mother tongue.
(e) Learning is something natural/ explicit/ implicit.

2. True/ False? If false, give the correct information: 5
(a) We are acquiring English.
(b) People learn a second language unconsciously.
(c) The passage shows the difference between acquisition and learning.
(d) Acquisition is easier than learning.
(e) Explicit learning is a subconscious process.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add prepositions if necessary: 5
(a) The power of (use)  language properly means communicative competence.
(b) Every person learns his or her mother tongue (natural)  .
(c) Learners of a second language are (encourage)  their teachers.
(d) Picking up means (spontaneously)  learning of a language.
(e) The (believe)  the language specialists is right.

4.Make a list of five things about developing communicative competence in a second language. 5

Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-3
1. (a) indicates (b) developed (c) as
(d) relates (e) explicit
2. (a) False, Correct answer: We are learning English. (b) False, Correct answer: People learn a second language consciously.
(c) True
(d) True
(e) False, Correct answer: Explicit learning is a conscious process.
3. (a) using (b) naturally (c) encouraged by
(d) spontaneous (e) belief of
4. A list of five things about developing
communicative competence in a second language:
(a) acquiring (b) learning
(c) using the language
(d) knowing the rules of the language
(e) experiencing a language through different situation.

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