Eight Steps for Teaching Kids Poetry
Aside from finding the right poem, the actual teaching may also be a bit daunting for you. Many of us were not taught poetry when we were children. (I wasn't.) But, we can still enjoy teaching kids poetry and learning it ourselves!
There are a few basic steps that you can follow which will help you be comfortable teaching kids poetry and will help the students get the most out of it.
1. Read the poem aloud.
Have students listen to you as you read the poem aloud. If it is a difficult poem, you may want to give them some background information before you begin.
2. Identify and define words the students do not know.
Ask the students for words that they are unfamiliar with. Then, have the students write each word's definition on their sheet. You can either have a student look up the words in a dictionary, or you can have the definitions prepared ahead of time.
3. Read the poem aloud again.
Listening to a poem a second time will help students to understand it.
Before you do this, you may want to ask students to listen for something in particular. You might ask, "How does the author of this poem feel about flowers? How do you know?"
4. Summarize the poem.
For this step, you will ask the students to summarize the poem in his/her own words.
This can be very helpful when you are teaching more complicated poems to older students. But even with young students, it's important to know that they understand the general idea of the poem.
It helps if you come to class with a prepared summary that the students can copy.
5. Discuss the poem.
This is the time to ask them key questions about the poem and the characters in it. You may ask them to choose one word to describe the main character in the poem. I like asking students to support their answers using language or information from the poem.
For instance, if they say that the main character is bossy, they should be able to give examples from the poem of the main character actually being bossy.
6. Ask students for their experiences.
Ask students to relate the poem to their lives. You might say, "Describe an experience that you have had when you felt as carefree as the poet."
This is also a good time to make connections with other parts of the child's curriculum. You may say, "Does this poem remind you of any of the literature characters whom we have read about?"
7. memorize the poem
If you are teaching a long poem, break it into smaller chunks and assign doable sections for students to memorize.
Everyday, recite part of the poem as a group. This really helps to ingrain the poem in the child's mind.
8. Recite the poem.
You may want to have students recite the poem in front of the class, or possibly at a recital where you invite parents or other students