Sunday, August 19, 2012

Participle



 THE PARTICIPLE :--
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    The word 'Participle'is derived from a Latin word 'Participare' which means 'to partake of'.
    The Participle is a verbal adjective qualifying noun but retaining some properties of verbs.
    Definition :--- A Participle is that form of verb which partakes of the nature both of a Verb
                    and of an Adjective.

    THREE GROUPS OF PARTICIPLES :--
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 

    1. Present Participle
    2. Past Participle
    3. Perfect Participle

    1. PRESENT PARTICIPLE :--
           ---------------------

      The Present Participle is formed by adding 'ing' to the verb.
      It functions as an Adjective; as,
         * It is a rolling stone.
         * It is an Interesting story.
    2. PAST PARTICIPLE :--
           -------------------

      The Past Participle is the third form of the verb.
      It acts as an Adjective or Adverb; as,
         * Indresh is a learned man.
         * Sita has a broken slate.

    3. PERFECT PARTICIPLE :--
      ---------------------

      The Perfect Participle is 'Having + third form of the Verb'; as,
         * Having reached the station, he purchased ticket.
         * Having been requested for some food, the lady helped the beggar.
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     USE OF THE PARTICIPLE :--
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     (i) The following verbs are followed by the Present Participles :--
         Set, start, look. get, can / can't, imagin, smell, catch, keep, and have etc.
         * Seema kept me waiting.
         * I looked at him crossing the road.

    (ii) The Present and Past Participles may be used both Attributely and Predicatively; as,

         * A sleeping partner is always harmful.        ( Attributive )
         * Indu saw Richa weeping.                      (Predicative )
         * A burnt child dreads the fire.               ( Attributive )
         * Hemant felt delighted at the wonderful sight.(Predicative )

   (iii) Absolutely with a Noun or Pronoun going before; as,

         * The sea being smooth, we went for sail.
         * God willing, we shall have another good monsoon.

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