Sunday, August 19, 2012

Gerund



      GERUND:--
     ~~~~~~~~

    The word  'Gerund' originates from Latin word 'gero' which means 'I carry on'.
    The Gerund carries on the function and power of verbs.
    The Gerund is the 'ing' form of the verb and works as a noun; as,
         * Walking is a good exercise.
         * Seeing is believing.
     Definition:-- A Gerund is that form of the verb which ends in -ing, and has the
                   force of a Noun and a Verb.
             
     Example---

         * Playing  cards is not allowed here.
     In the above sentence, the Gerund 'playing'( like a noun )is the subject of a verb 'is'
,
 
     but, like a verb, it also takes an object'cards', thus clearly showing that it also has

         the force of a verb.

   FUNCTIONS  OF THE GERUND :--
  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

      1. SUBJECT OF A VERB :--
        * Seeing is believing.
          ----------

        * Hunting is not allowed here.
          -----------

      2. OBJECT OF A TRANSITIVE VERB:--
        * Stop playing.
                    ---------- 

        * The children love making mud castles.
                                    -----------

      3. OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION :--
        * I am tired of walking.
                             -----------

        * He is fond of swimming.
                             ---------------

      4. COMPLIMENT OF A VERB :--
        * Seeing is believing.
                         -------------

        * What I most detest is smoking.
                                         ------------

      5. ABSOLUTELY; as,
        * Playing cards being his aversion, we did not play bridge.

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     USE OF GERUND :--
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     1. The [ Verb + Preposition ] combinations are followed by Gerund--
         Care for, insist on, think of, succeed in, resolve on, persist in, prevent from,
         talk of , object to, refrain from; as,

           [ verb + preposition + Gerund ]

           [  prevent + from + doing ]

          * He prevented me from doing this.

          * She succeeded in getting a good post.

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     2. Some verbs are followed by the Gerund--

          Remember, avoid, stop, enjoy, mind, finish,can't help,etc.; as,

          * Vipul enjoys playing in the evening.

          * He has finished writing.

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     3. Some phrases are followed by the Gerund--

         There is no harm, it is no good, it it no use, have the pleasure of,
         take pleasure, etc.; as,
        
          * There is no harm playing in the garden.


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      4. Some verb + Adverb combinations are also followed by the Gerund--

          Look forward to, put off, leave off, give up, keep on, etc.; as,
          * Hemant has given up smoking.
          * Rohan kept on walking.

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      5. Nouns and Pronouns governing a Gerund are also put in the possessive case,; as,
          * I heard my friend's singing.
          * I like his playing cricket.
          * I dislike anyone's abusing others.

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       6. Use of Gerund / Infinitive--
         Some verbs are either followed by the Gerund or Infinitive --
           Try, prefer, continue, recommend, intend, allow, like, dislike, begin,
           start etc.; as ,
          * Kishore likes singing in the party. ( Gerund )
          * Kishore likes to sing in the party. ( Infinitive )
          * He tried playing hockey.            ( Gerund )
          * He tried to play hockey.            ( Infinitive )

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