Sunday, February 10, 2013

Seen Comphrension for HSC Exam

Part A:

Seen Comprehension (40 Marks)

Read the passage below and answer questions 1–4:

The present age is marked not only by the importance of the family as an economic and welfare institution but also by its increasing importance as an arrangement for socialising and raising children and for the psychological support of adults. There has been a wide disintegration of large kin groups and an intensification of relationships within the nuclear family. Moreover, the world is seeing an increasing association of women with earning and out-of-home activities.

In the pre-industrial feudal society, both husbands and wives worked in the fields outside the home. However, in the industrial period, women were segregated from out-of-home productive work. The hearth became the place for them, so cooking, cleaning, washing, giving birth and rearing children became their jobs. Men became the wage earners and all other outdoor activities became their responsibility.

In the post-war period, women started joining the workforce, contributing to family income and thus started exercising an influence on family affairs. Previously, authority in the family rested on the husband who was the decision maker in all matters. But women, with their economic power, started influencing decisions about important family matters. In developed countries now, household work is shared by both husbands and wives and outdoor activities like shopping and taking children to school, to doctors or for recreation are done equally by both husbands and wives. Large extended families have given and are still giving place to small, nuclear families.

Even in developing countries, with the process of industrialisation and urbanisation, extended families are breaking down. Kinship is declining. In the west, marriages now often break up. So, the number of single-mother or single-father families is ever on the increase. The psychological problems of children in such families are also increasing in modern times.

1. Choose the right word/expression to complete each sentence. 1 x 5 = 5

(a) The present age is marked for the (psychologically/mental/economy) support given by the family.

(b) Women became decision-makers in the (pre-industrial/subsequent war/industrial) period.

(c) Single-father or single-mother family (cause/results/increases) in psychological problems.

(d) The importance of women is gradually (increase/decreasing/augmenting).

(e) The relationship within the nuclear family has (intensify/decayed/increased) acutely.

Extra:

(a) Women got (detached/blended/associated) from outdoor productive work in the industrial period.

(b) These days women have started (dissuading/stressed/persuading) all family matters.

(c) Women were (confined/controlled/puzzled) to the four walls of the house in the industrial period.

(d) In developed countries all activities (shared/done/are performed) by both husband and wife.

(e) Large extended families are being (given/replaced/increased) by small, nuclear families.

2. True / False? If false, give the correct information. 1 x 5 = 5

(a) Women began to contribute to family income after the war period.

(b) Fireplace became the working place for women in the pre-industrial period.

(c) In developed countries now, household activities are also done by husbands.

(d) In the western countries, marriages infrequently break up.

(e) Mental problems of children are found in the broken families.

Extra:

(a) Once authority in the family lay on the husband.

(b) Kinship is step by step increasing in the industrialised countries.

(c) Women became decision-makers after the war period.

(d) Psychological supports are given to the adults by the family.

(e) A wide degeneration is found in large kin groups.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add preposition if necessary. 5

(a) In developed countries now, indoor and outdoor activities (performance)——-both husband and wife.

(b) Once all important decisions (take)————- the husband, the main earning member of a family.

(c) In modern time women's (contribute)————- family income has got appreciation.

(d) The children of the broken families hardly enjoy (get)————- parental love equally.

(e) With the process of (industry)————-, women got confined to indoor activities.

Extra:

(a) Kinship is (decline)————- developing counties.

(b) In industrial period, women scarcely (work)————- the fields.

(c) In the post-war period, women started to (join)————- the workforce.

(d) A wide disintegration has (find)———— large kin-groups.

(e) In the pre-industrial feudal society, outdoor works (do)———— both husbands and wives.

(f) The children of the broken families suffer (psychology)————-.

(g) Nowadays importance (give)————- the formation of small, nuclear family.

(h) Today women joining the outside workforce are (contribute)————- family income.

(i) Men became (responsibility)————- all outdoor activities in the industrial period.

(j) The role of women is getting (importance)————- the modern world.

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