Friday, February 22, 2013

Population Explosion in Bangladesh

Introduction: Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in the world. It is a small country having an area of 1, 47,570 square kilometers. It is burdened with 130 million people. About 1000 people live in per square kilometer. Every year more than two million people are being added to our population. The problem has now moved out of control and It has now come to the position of explosion. Overpopulation as a problem: Though the population of a country is an asset but it becomes a problem when the country cannot afford her people all the basic necessities of life. The area of Bangladesh is too small to support the vast population. As a result, it creates problems, such as, food-shortage, communication disruption, and educational problem. Shelter shortage, health hazards, lack of medicine, environmental pollution and poverty. Causes of over population Now it is evident that, in comparison to our land and other sources, our population is growing at au alarming way. The present growth rate of population in our country is 21.6 per thousand. It Is obviously a very high growth rate. Dogmatism, prejudice, early marriage, superstition, fundamentalism, God-fearing tendency are responsible for this high growth rate of population. Disadvantages the population of Bangladesh is increasing by geometric progression. But the agricultural production is increasing by arithmetical progression. So the countries production fails to feed the increasing people. Not only this, the job facilities are also unable to cope up with this population. Being unemployed some people are becoming addicted to drugs and involved in terrorism. So the standard of living, political stability and cultural values are degrading day by day. There are crowds everywhere in buses, trains, bazaars, schools and colleges. The prices of things are increasing by leaps and bounds. People can hardly make both ends meet. Solutions: Overpopulation is a hindrance to any kind of development. So necessary and constructive steps is should be taken to reduce the high growth rate of population. Early marriage should be stopped. Introduction of family planning all over the country is essential. Awareness should be created among the common people about the impact of small family size so that they can go well with their per-capita income. Birth control is essential in this regard. The couple should be allowed to take only two children. Fine should be imposed on the parents of more than two children. Newspaper, radio, television and other mass media can play important role for educating and enlightening the common people about the disastrous effect of overpopulation. Conclusion Overpopulation is a serious threat to development of our country. This situation will worsen if the present growth rate of population goes on unchecked. Our government has already taken some measures to reduce the unbalanced rate of population growth. To create awareness about the impact of overpopulation in the young learners population education has been introduced in the formal education system. People of all walks of life should come forward to co-operate with the government in their campaign. Otherwise, all hopes and joys of the people of Bangladesh will be nipped In the bud.

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