Friday, February 22, 2013

Population Problem of Bangladesh


Population problem like energy crisis is one of the most talked of topics of the world these days. It is the burning question of Bangladesh. In fact it can be termed as number one problem of the country. Population of a country is a great asset unless this becomes unusually big in relation to the ability of food production of the world. Now the world has a population of about five hindered cores. The population of the world is increasing day by day. It is creating many problems. Population of Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in the world; it is a small country of 55598 square miles. But it has a population over. 120 million-About 1500-1 600people live in one square mile. Every year more than two million people are being added to our population. The problem is now out of control. It has now come to the position of explosion. When it becomes a problem: Though the population of a country is an asset, it becomes a problem when the country cannot afford to give people the basic necessaries life food clothing education. Medicine and shelter are the basic necessaries of life. The agriculture of our country is still in the primitive, so the production of food crops is very low. Moreover, every year natural calamites like flood and cyclone damage our crops. There are many causes of rapid growth of population. Now-a-days owing to better explosion of medical facilities and improvements of standard of living the death rate has gone down much but on the other hand the birth rate is on the constant increase. Early marriage and illiteracy rate are two important causes of the growth of population. The population of our country IS increasing at an alarming rate. The rate of growth is about 2 30% every year. The wealth of the country is still limited. So with the growth of population the want of the country is increasing. If the population of the country increases at present rate, the population of the country will be doubled within fifteen years we cannot imagine how to feed so May mouths its effect. The area of Bangladesh is too small to support her vast - population. As a result it creates the following problems. Food problem: Population in Bangladesh is increasing by geometrical progression. But the agricultural production is increasing by arithmetical progression the production of food cannot keep pace with our increasing people. So there is the shortage of food in our country. Every year a large quantity of food is to be imported from abroad. Communication problem: There are crowds everywhere in buses. Trains, bazaars, schools, colleges etc. people climb on the roof of the buses and trains to travel one to another as there is no room inside. This causes the accident. Educational problem: it creates educational problem too. it is a Herculean lob to get admission in school and colleges. For twenty seats, there may be two thousand candidates. Unemployment In the field of employment this condition is hazardous. For one single vacant post there will be thousand candidates. Thousands and thousands of people are out of work in the country. Shelter problem: The area of Bangladesh is too small to arrange shelter for the large number of population. In our country some people sleep under the open sky, under the large tree, at railway staff. Health problem: 'Health is wealth', but our people are suffering from many diseases. Many children of our country are blind because they do not get enough nutrition; our children often suffer in diarrhea. Medical and medicine problem: The large number of population creates the treatment problems too there is only one qualified doctor for every 25,000 village people on the average. The also do not get proper and sufficient medicine. Day by the people of our country become very poor: So between the rich people and poor people has created a difference which retards. The development of the country the standard of living and precipitate income in Bangladesh are the lowest in the world. Environmental pollution: The increasing people pollute our environment by making on the bank of rivers and canals. Human waste pollutes our environments. The vast population also produces so much carbon dioxide which is danger for the environment. Poverty: Poverty is a curse. The increasing population of our country is creating pressure to our wealth. Our wealth is limited. So day by day we become poor. The large number of population creates another problem. Bangladesh faces deficit budget every year. Her economy depends on foreign aid and loan. Thus the increase in population is a more serious threat to Bangladesh than atomic weapons. How to remove it: We should all come forward to control it; the government of Bangladesh is trying to control it. To remove this problem we should follow the following arrangements. Family planning: Each family must not have more than two children. Then each family will be planned. They should make aware of the gravity of the problem. Educate n of the masses: To check the growth of population, top-most importance 3hould is attached to education of the masses, If the entire population re educated, there would develop a sense of national awareness and wide; took among them. Stop early marriage: If we do not stop early marriage, the people of our country will be increasing deadly day by day. Others: We can export man to other countries to remove the population crisis. To remove this problem, the lesson of self reliance is particularly needed for us. The population problem is a great malady for Bangladesh. But this can be solved if the government and the people ace firmly determined to control birth and grow more food at his time. No improvement is possible unless this problem is solved. Therefore, all the people of Bangladesh and the government should join hands to meet the crisis right at this moment before it is too late.

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