Friday, December 7, 2012

verbs followed by that clause

With "that"

We can use clauses with that:
• after verbs of thinking:
  • think
  • believe
  • expect
  • decide
  • hope
  • know
  • understand
  • suppose
  • guess
  • imagine
  • feel
  • remember
  • forget
I hope that you will enjoy your holiday.
She didn’t really think that it would happen.
I knew that I had seen her somewhere before.
• after verbs of saying:
  • say
  • admit
  • argue
  • reply
  • agree
  • claim
  • deny
  • mention
  • answer
  • complain
  • explain
  • promise
  • suggest
They admitted that they had made a mistake.
She argued that they should invest more in the business.
The children complained that they had nothing to do.
Note: tell and some other verbs of saying must always have a direct object (see clauses, sentences and phrases):
  • tell
  • convince
  • persuade
  • inform
  • remind
We tried to tell them that they should stop what they were doing.
The police informed everybody that the danger was over.
• as postmodifiers after nouns to do with thinking or saying:
  • advice
  • belief
  • claim
  • feeling
  • argument
  • hope
  • promise
  • report
  • guess
  • opinion
  • idea
He made a promise that he would do all he could to help.
I had a funny feeling that something was wrong.
• after some nouns to say more about the noun:
  • fact
  • advantage
  • effect
  • possibility
  • chance
  • danger
  • evidence
  • problem
  • difficulty
She pointed out the danger that they might be left behind.
There was a chance that we would succeed
Note: We often use a that clause to define one of these nouns after the verb be :
  • danger
  • problem
  • chance
  • possibility
  • fact
The danger is that we will be left behind.
The fact is that it is getting very late.
• after some adjectives which describe feelings to give a reason for our feelings:
  • pleased
  • sorry
  • happy
  • unhappy
  • sad
  • excited
  • glad
  • disappointed
  • afraid
I am sorry that you can’t come.
Everybody was pleased that the danger was past.
It is lucky that you were able to drive us home.

No "that"

 NOTE: We can always use a clause without the word that:
They admitted [that] they had made a mistake.
The police informed everybody [that] the danger was over.
I am sorry [that] you can’t come.
There was chance [that] we would succeed.

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