Tuesday, December 4, 2012

A society’s culture is made up of all of its ideas for HSC Exam

A society’s culture is made up of all of its ideas
Read the passage below and answer questions :
A society’s culture is made up of all of its ideas and ways of behaving, Language, music, ideas about what is bad and good, ways of working and playing, and the tools and other objects made and used by people in the society- all these are part of a society’s culture. As studying a person’s repeated actions is a good way to find out about that person, studying the important patterns of an entire society is a way to learn about the culture of that group. Patterns of behavior and action vary from individual to individual, class to class, society to society and country to country. These differences are referred to as cultural differences. What is an appropriate mode of behavior in one culture might prove inappropriate or even rude in another culture. For example, when Latin Americans talk to each other, they stand about 18 to 12 inches apart, measured nose to nose. To stand further away from each other while talking seems unfriendly to them. In some Arab countries too, the proper and polite distance for conversation is to be close enough to feel the other person’s breath. But in British or American society, getting so close during a conversation is considered inappropriate.
5. Write short answers to the following questions. 5
(a) What do you mean by culture?
(b) What is the way to know about a group’s culture?
(c) What are the cultural differences?
(d) What is Latin American culture?
(e) What is inappropriate in British society?
6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words. 5
The culture of a society (a) — to all of its activities. Ideas about good and bad may not be (b) — everywhere. Even the tools and objects made and used by a community reflect its (c) — People of one class are seen to behave and act differently from the (d) — of another class. A mode of behaviour in one society may be considered (e) — in another.
7. Summarise the passage in about five sentences. 5
1. Learning about a society’s culture 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
8. Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow chart showing the ways of learning a society’s culture. 5
Ans. to the Ques. No. Set-6
5. (a) Culture means ideas and ways of behaving, language, music, ideas about bad and good, ways of working and playing, and the tools and other objects made and used by the people in the society. (b) Studying the important patterns of an entire society is the way to learn about a group’s culture. (c) Patterns of behaviour and action differ from individual to individual, class to class, society to society, and country to country. These are known as cultural differences. (d) Latin Americana stand 18 to 12 inches apart during conversation. (e) Getting very close during a conversation is inappropriate in British society.
6. (a) refers (b) same/similar (c) culture (d) people
(e) inappropriate
7. Summary: A society’s culture consists of its ideas, ways of behaving and actions, language and things. By studying patterns of behaviour and actions of a society we can learn about its cultural pattern. Culture varies from person to person and society to society. Cultural differences show how people or a society or a country is different from other group or country. An appropriate mode in one culture might be inappropriate or rude in another culture.
8. Flow chart :
1. Learning about a society’s culture 2. studying the patterns of behaviour and action of entire society 3. learning about the ideas about good and bad of a society 4. using language and music 5. using the tools and objects by people in a society 6. learning about ways of working and playing

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