Saturday, December 1, 2012

Conjunction

Conjunction
is word or a phrase which connects two words or two phrases or two clauses or two sentences.

The Conjuctions are....

1. and

2. or

3. either...or...

4. for

5. but

6. also

7. neither...nor...

8. only

9. after

10. because

11. if

12. so...that...

13. that

14. as

15. when

16. while

17. till

Examples:

• You and he should attend the function. (The word “and” is connecting two other words you & he)

• He and I are good friends. (The word “and” is connecting two other words HE& I)

• Pay the fees or you will not be admitted. (The word “or” is connecting two sentences “Pay the fees” & “You will not be admitted)

1. A preposition may connect two words:

Examples:

• Jack and Jill come up the hill.

• We bought a book as well as a pen.

• You could find clean air not in the city but in the village.

• He will conduct either you or me.

• They offer not only coffee but also tea.

• You should be here when our Chairman arrives.

• I will not attend mobile-phone calls while driving my car.

• He has to study till he becomes thorough in the subject.

• We are waiting here for you only.

• Not only Shirts but also pants are sold here.

2. A preposition may connect two phrases:

Examples:

• The police have to find out not only who committed this crime but also how this crime was executed in this day-light.

• A big-lorry in blue color as well as a car in white color went into this village one by one.

3. A preposition may connect two main clauses:

Examples:

• The 1973 oil-price adjustment checked the runaway consumption trend, but it was the 1979-increase that reversed it.

• J.W.Jeffrey, a retired University of London professor, conducted a thorough economic assessment of British nuclear plants and concluded that nuclear plant is considerably more expensive than coal-fired power.

• My father spent ten years to create a chemical solution, which, if used in agricultural lands, will give very high yields, but he expired before he started manufacturing in big-scale.



4. A preposition may connect a main and a subordinate clause:

Examples:

• If our generation persists in mining the soil so that we may eat, many of our children and their children may go hungry as a result.

• Whereas the 60% of the trees in France had been affected by acid rain in 1982, 75% of them were suffering in 1983.

• Because the last bus already left, we had to take a taxi.

• If the business goes on losing money, we will have to close it down.

• I shall get my air ticket to USA as soon as I receive the visa.

• What do you propose to do after you complete your graduation?

• The plane will not take off until the fog clears.

5. Coordinating conjunctions:

The conjunctions which coordinate two words are called coordinating conjunctions.

The following conjunctions are called Coordinating conjunctions:

1.and

2. but

3. for

4. or

5. nor

6. also

7. only

8. till

Examples:

• Mr. John and Mr. Rams are the only invitees to meet the Prime Minister.

• The whole country is waiting for the results of this international-tournament.

• We have to be here in London till we are acquainted by the court.

6. Subordinating conjunctions:

A word introducing a subordinate clause is called subordinating clause.

The following conjunctions are called subordinating conjunctions:

1. after

2. because

3. if

4. that

5. though

6. although

7. till

8. before

9. unless

10. as

11. when

12. while

13. how

14. until

Examples:

• You can come to the function after you finished your work.

• They have scored low marks in English because she did not study well.

• All of you are welcome if you have the entrance-tickets.

• It is not known how he bought this car at this rate.

• Your father has got you a motor-bike that is eight-year-old.

• He was not admitted to that college though he has scored very high marks in the entrance.

• Her boy-friend postponed her marriage-proposal till he started his own business.

• You can not get a new telephone connection before 1st of next month.

7. Compound conjunctions:

There will be few words in every conjunction of this type.

1. in order that

2. in order to

3. on condition that

4. even if

5. so that

6. provided that

7. as though

8. in as much as

9. as well as

10. as if

Examples:

• He comes to this function on condition that we should leave him by 8pm.

• London is so big that you can not go by walk to reach your office.

• You as well as your father can go by the train.

• You will not catch your train even if you take a taxi now.

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