Tuesday, May 1, 2012

Rules of Right Form of Verbs for JSC Exam

Right Form of Verbs
প্রিয় শিক্ষার্থীরা, শুভেচ্ছা নিয়ো। আজ ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্রের ১ নম্বর প্রশ্ন অর্থাৎ Right Form of Verbs-এর কয়েকটি নিয়ম আলোচনা করব। এই প্রশ্নে মোট পাঁচটি শূন্যস্থান (with clue/without clue) থাকে এবং নম্বর থাকে ৫। এই প্রশ্নের উত্তর পারতে হলে তোমাদের Person, Auxiliary Verbs, Tense, Voice, Headword ও Preposition-এর ওপর জোর দিতে হবে।
Rule-1 : Subject যদি third person ও singular number হয় এবং ওই বাক্যটি যদি Present indefinite tense হয়, তবে verb-এর সঙ্গে s/es যোগ হবে। যেমন:
(a) The boy (go) —school regularly.
(b) The boy does not (go) —school daily.
(c) The boy generally (go) — college at 8 a.m.
Ans: (a) goes to (b) go to (c) goes to
Try yourself:
(a) Mr. Khan (go) — abroad every month.
(b) His father (come) — home every week.
Rule-2 : Sentence যদি universal truth (চিরন্তন সত্য), Habitual fact (অভ্যাসগত কর্ম) ইত্যাদি বোঝায় তাহলে sentenceটি Present Indefinite Tense হয়। যেমন:
(a) The earth (move) — round the sun.
(b) The sun (rise) — the east.
(c) The sun (set) — the west.
Ans: (a) moves (b) rises in (c) sets in
Try yourself :
(a) We know that Ice (float) — water.
(b) The teacher said that the earth (be) — round.
Rule-3 : যেসব Sentence-এ কোনো সময়ের উল্লেখ থাকে না এবং মাঝেমধ্যে generally, usually, ordinarily, normally, always, sometimes, often, daily, everyday, regularly ব্যবহূত হয় সেগুলো Present Indefinite Tense হয়। যেমন:
(a) Sabiha (learn) — her lessons regularly.
(b) He always (disturb) — the students.
(c) A good student (learn) — his lessons regularly.
Ans. (a) learns (b) disturbs (c) learns
Try yourself :
(a) Rahman very often (come) — me.
(b) Does he (read) — the newspaper daily?
Rule-4: Sentenceটি Active Voice হলে can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, need, dare, used to, ought to প্রভৃতি Modal Auxiliary Verb-এর পরে present form হয়। যেমন:
(a) The boy can (work out) — the sum.
(b) He could not (eat) — all the mangoes.
(c) You must (do) — your duty properly.
Ans: (a) workout (b) eat (c) do
Try yourself:
(a) It may (rain) — today.
(b) One should (take) — care of one’s health.
Rule-5 : Sentenceটি Passive Voice হলে can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, need, dare, used to, ought to প্রভৃতি Modal Auxiliary Verb-এর পরে be+Past participle হয়। যেমন:
(a) The work can (do) — immediately.
(b) All the mangoes could (eat) — .
(c) Your duty must (perform) — very soon.
Ans: (a) be done (b) be eaten (c) be performed
Try yourself :
(a) It can not (deny) — .
(b) The English book will (buy) — tomorrow.
Rule-6 : Let, had rather, had better, would better, do not, does not, need not, did not, did never ইত্যাদির পরে present form হয়। যেমন:
(a) I let the other boys (use)my skates.
(b) I had better (go)home by this time.
(c) I need not (do)the work.
Ans. (a) use (b) go (c) do
Try yourself :
(a) He did not (go)college yesterday.
(b) He does not (like)student politics.

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