Sunday, March 24, 2013

Voice


Defective Verb বা Modal Auxiliary রয়েছে এ রকম বাক্যকে Passive Voice করার সময় নিচের নিয়মটি প্রযোজ্য হবে।
Active Passive Active Passive
can can be might might be
shall shall be would would be
will will be must must be
should should be ought to ought to be
could could be used to used to be

Tense -এর বেলায় Voice change বিভিন্ন সময় বিভিন্ন আকার ধারণ করে।
1. Present Indefinite Tense
Present Indefinite Tense -কে passive voice করতে হলে এই সূত্রটি অনুসরণ করতে হবে:
Subject(object-থেকে আগত) + am, is are + মূল verb -এর past participle + by + object (subject-থেকে আগত)
Active : I write a letter.
Passive : A letter is written by me.
Active : Sony sings a song.
Passive : A song is sung by Sony.
Active : They play football.
Passive : Football is played by them.
2. Present Continuous :
present continuous tense -কে passive voice করতে হলে এই সূত্রটি অনুসরণ করতে হবে:
Subject(object-থেকে আগত) + am, is are + মূল verb -এর past participle + by + object (subject-থেকে আগত)
Active : I am writing a letter.
Passive : A letter is being written by me.
Active : Sony is singing a song.
Passive : A song is being sung by Sony.
Active : They are drawing many pictures.
Passive : Many pictures are being drawn by them.
Active : The horse is carrying goods.
Passive : Goods are being carried by the horse.
3. Present perfect: Present Perfect Tense -কে passive voice করতে হলে এই সূত্রটি অনুসরণ করতে হবে:
Subject (object-থেকে আগত) + am being/is being/are being + মূল verb -এর past participle + by + object (subject-থেকে আগত)
Active : I have written a letter.
Passive : A letter has been written by me.
Active : Sony has sung a song.
Passive : A song has been sung by Sony.
Active : They have played football.
Passive : Football has been played by them.
Active : We have won the match.
Passive : The match have been won by us.
4. Past Indefinite Tense
Past Indefinite Tense -কে passive voice করতে হলে এই সূত্রটি অনুসরণ করতে হবে:
Subject (object-থেকে আগত) + was, were + মূল verb -এর past participle + by + object (subject-থেকে আগত)
Active : Jony killed a tiger.
Passive : A tiger was killed by Jony.
Active : You did the job very nicely.
Passive : The job was done by you very nicely.
Active : I thanked my friend.
Passive : My friend was thanked by me.

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