Thursday, March 28, 2013

Voice Change complex sentences

COMPLEX SENTENCE

Voice Change:
1. Quasi-passive Verb : Quasi শব্দের অর্থ half বা অর্ধেক। অর্থাৎ half-passive = quasi-passive half, অতএব বলা যায়, যেসব verb passive এর অর্থ প্রকাশ করে, তাকে Quasi-passive Verb বলে। এদের passive করতে হলে নিম্নলিখিত নিয়ম অনুসরণ করতে হবে।
১ নম্বর সূত্র: Sub + be verb + complement + when (if) + it/they + be verb + Verb-এর past participle.
২ নম্বর সূত্র: Subject + be verb + Verb-এর past participle + complement.
Active : Honey tastes sweet.
Passive : Honey is sweet when it is tasted. (১ নম্বর সূত্র)
Honey is tasted sweet. (২ নম্বর সূত্র)
Active : The bed feels soft.
Passive : The bed is soft when it is felt
The bed is felt soft.
Active : This story reads funny.
Passive : This story is funny when it is read.
This story is read funny.

2. Reflexive Verb : যে verb-এর subject ও object একই ব্যক্তি, তাকে Reflexive verb বলে এবং Object-টিকে Reflexive object বলে। একে subject করা যায় না। একে by-এর পরই রেখে দিতে হয়। যেমন—
Active : He hurt himself.
Passive : He was hurt by himself.
Active : She killed herself.
Passive : She was killed by herself.
Active : He poisoned himself.
Passive : He was poisoned by himself.

3. Factitive Object : যেসব object ক্ষণস্থায়ী, অর্থাৎ মানুষের মতামতের ওপর যাদের স্থায়িত্ব নির্ভর করে, সেসব object-কে Factitive Object বলে। এদের স্থায়িত্ব স্বল্প বিধায় এদের বাক্যের subject করা যায় না। তাই এদের আগের object-কে subject করে passive voice করতে হয়। যেমন—
Active : We made him captain.
Passive : He was made captain by us. = Captain was made him by us হবে না।
Active : We call him a fool.
Passive : He is called a fool by us. = A fool is called him by us হবে না।

Sample Questions :
1. Change the following Active Voice into Passive:
(a) We made him captain. (b) Always speak the truth. (c) Do not open the door. (e) Have you read the book? (f) He will teach us English. (g) Who has broken the plate? (h) The book is printing. (i) Nobody knows him here. (j) Whom do you call?

Answer :
(a) He was made captain by us. (b) Let the truth be always spoken.(c) Let not the door be opened. (e) Has the book been read by you?(f) English will be taught us by him. (or We shall be taught English by him. (g) By whom has the plate been broken? (h) The book is being printed. (i) He is not known here. (j) Who is called by?

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