Unemployment means the state of being without any work both for the educated and the uneducated for earning one’s livelihood. This problem has become a great concern all over the world. But nowhere in the world is this problem so acute as in
A person has to run year after year from office to office to find out a job. Hundreds of candidates swarm over a single post. The bad effect of unemployment is not only confined to the economic field but also destroys the sense of moral values for want of employment.
Many young people become frustrated. They have to lead a vagabond life. They have to idle away their time. Life becomes a curse and burden to them. When there is no dim ray of hope, they resort to commit different types of crimes like hijacking, plundering, robbery, murder, terrorism, drug addicting etc.
There are many reasons behind unemployment problem. Our country is over populated. The rapid growth of population is the main reason of unemployment problem. Job facilities are very small in proportion to the growth of propagation. And this increasing number of population outpaces all development of the country.
Our county is industrially very much backward. In fact the development in this field is very slow. Cottage industries have almost decayed. The few mills, factories and industries that we have can only absorb a limited number of people.
Most of the people of our country depend on agriculture. But our cultivable land is very limited. So, it can not engage a huge number of people. Moreover, this profession is seasonal. So, the farmers have to sit idle for a few months a year.
Our present system of education in stead of giving any solution creates educated unemployed young men. In our educational system there is no much scope of giving vocational training and technical education to a student. So after taking the highest degree even from the highest seat of learning, they remain unemployment.
Our educated young men generally think it to be disgraceful to do any manual work. They prefer service to any kind of business. This false sense of dignity and prestige is one of the reasons of their being unemployment.
In order to eradicate this problem we have to mobilize all our energies to this great purpose without wasting time. The most essential measure is the industrialization of our country.
A large number of mills, factories and industries should be set up where many of our unemployed youths will get the opportunity to work.
A great change should be brought our education system. More importance should be given on professional, vocational and technical education. This will make an opening to work in different industrial sectors both home and abroad.
The educated youth should change their attitude to life. They must learn to choose independent career. They can work in agriculture field, cultivate fish, and grow vegetables. They can start small business. In fact self employment is a possible solution to this great problem.
Steps should be taken to set up co-operative farming, cottage industries and open new system of public work in the rural areas to create job for the village people.
Unemployment is a great curse to a nation. We can not expect the development of our country leaving its millions of people unemployed to survive as a boastful nation. We should make all out efforts to get rid of this curse.